Questions for philosophy

Questions for philosophy

Why is it right to do good things?

If right acts are right simply by nature, then why ought one perform them?

If right acts are right in virtue of their current benefit, then why ought one perform them?

In other words, why is benefit, be it to the individual or to the collective, desirable over loss?

Why is it good to base society around equality rather than inequality?

If it is good because most people want an equal society, then our starting point must be one of equality, where everyone's voice is equal.

Otherwise, a single person who stands above all others and desires inequality could outweigh all those who wish for equality.

If equality is good because it produces other goods, then why are these other goods good? And why is it good to produce good?

If good things are good because they have the inherent property of desirability or goodness,

then how, and why do we recognize this value?

If good things are good because the current consensus states that it is,

then why is this a good consensus?

And what is to stop someone from disagreeing and performing immoral acts with a clean conscience.

If an omnipotent being labeled good acts as good, then why did he do so?

If morality is a fundamental law of the universe such as gravity, then why is this law the way it is?

If one's view is that laws of nature are a direct result from logic, the one might ask if logic could be different in an alternate universe.

If so, then what determines the rules of logic.

If not, then why is logic the way it is? And why must it be?

If logic relies on a circular proof, then what makes it objective?

If logic has no proof and is merely human invention and convention,

then this form of logic is insufficient for our current purpose.

Then, if morality comes from God and is ungraspable by human minds,

why should we even discuss it?

If on the other hand, morality is a law of all existence, why should we discuss it?

If morality, divine or otherwise, is knowable,

then what stops disagreement? And what is our measure for truth?

If God is our measure for proof, then how do we employ this measure?

And again, with our human minds and bodies,

how do we ensure the taking of an accurate measurement?

Is it wrong to lie?

If so, is it wrong to guess?

If not, what prevents one from saying that they do not know or remember, but that they guessed their answer?

If only the person himself can know whether or not he lied, then how can we use the maxim that it is wrong to lie?

If a God can know whether a person lies or not, then how can we use this divine knowledge?

If instead it is wrong to guess, what value is there in calling something wrong?

And even more so, if it is wrong to lie and to guess, is refraining from answering also wrong?

Even more fundamentally, what makes truth desirable over falsity?

If we have no reason to prefer truth over false or right over wrong,

then have we any reason to even speak of these concepts?

If right and wrong are in essence the same and are only defined by being opposites,

then does either really exist?

If one were to say “it is true that truth does not exist” would that be true?

If so, does one encounter a paradox or does the statement become meaningless?

If this statement is meaningless,

does that matter? Does it make any difference in our lives?

Furthermore, if there is no concept of either truth or false, then do all the questions I asked up till now become meaningless?

And if they do, does that matter?